The city Pushkin is a large tourist, scientific, educational and military-industrial center. It is included in the list of the monuments protected by UNESCO. It is a part of Pushkin district of the city of St. Petersburg. Pushkin was founded in 1710 as the imperial country residence Tsarskoye Selo received the status of the city in 1808. There is a memorial estate "Tsarskoye Selo" in the city.