Сегодня родился Ломоносов Михаил Васильевич
On November 19, 1711 Lomonosov Mikhail Vasilyevich was born. This is a first Russian scientist-naturalist of world importance, an Encyclopaedist, a chemist and a physicist. He became the first chemist who gave to physical chemistry the definition very close to modern, and foreordained the extensive program of physical and chemical researches. His molecular and kinetic theory of heat in many respects anticipated modern idea of a structure of a matter and many fundamental laws among which main laws of thermodynamics, he made the science foundation about glass. Astronomer, instrument maker, geographer, metallurgist, geologist, poet, philologist, artist, historian and genealogist, advocate of development of domestic education, science and economy. He developed the project of the Moscow university subsequently named in his honor. He opened existence of the atmosphere on the planet Venus.