Scientists consider that poppy is the most ancient cultural plant on the earth, people began cultivation of it in the Neolithic era. The homeland of this plant is Central Asia. Earlier people ate not only seeds, but also juice of poppy which was recognized as psychotropic substance later. In the ancient time poppy was also considered as the powerful charm. Today in many countries poppy cultivation is adjusted. Seeds of poppy are used in cookery and medicine. Seeds of a plant are rich with such microcells as calcium, phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, sodium, magnesium. In a product also there is a copper, iron and vitamins of groups P and E.