Сегодня родился Макаров Степан Осипович
On January 8, 1849 Makarov Stepan Osipovich was born. This is a Russian naval figure, an oceanographer, a polar researcher, a ship builder, an inventor of mine transport, a developer of the theory of unsinkability, a pioneer of use of ice breakers. He developed the Russian semaphore alphabet. Makarov was lost during Russian-Japanese war.