Today we are going to talk about Possessive Pronouns in Russian language.
All Possessive Pronouns indicate that something belongs to something or somebody, for example:
Мой рюкзак [Moj ryukzak] - My backpack
A word "Мой" which means "My" is Possessive Pronoun and shows that the backpack is exactly mine.
|Мужской род||Женский род||Средний род||Множественное число|
|My||Мой [Moj]||Моя [Maya]||Моё [Majo]||Мои [Mai]|
|His||Его [Ivo]||Его [Ivo]||Его [Ivo]||Его [Ivo]|
|Its||Этого [Ehtava]||Этого [Ehtava]||Этого [Ehtava]||Этого [Ehtava]|
|Her||Её [ijo]||Её [ijo]||Её [ijo]||Её [ijo]|
|Our||Наш [Nash]||Наша [Nasha]||Наше [Nashe]||Наши [Nashy]|
|Their||Их [Ikh]||Их [Ikh]||Их [Ikh]||Их [Ikh]|
It is absolutely clear from the table that Possessive Pronouns change their forms, depending on the gender, by the way, to determine it you should watch the Noun, which is usually in pair with pronouns in Russian language. For example,
Моя сумка [maya sumka] - My bag
the Noun "сумка" (a bag) has the ending -a-, that is why our Possessive Pronoun have to be in Feminine gender and should end in -оя-
её пальто [ijo pal'to] her coat
In this example, the word "пальто" (coat) is Noun, Neuter and ends in -o-, so, concerning the table, our pronoun should also have a form "её" (her) for Neuter gender
In plural all possessive pronouns should change their word form, for example
вашИ ботинки [vashi batinki] - your boots
the Noun "ботинки" (boots) is plural, ends in -и-, so, according the table, the pronoun should change its form, respectively.