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Words УЧИТЬ, УЧИТЬСЯ, ИЗУЧАТЬ, УМЕТЬ

In this article we give consideration to the important verbs, which you, probably, often see during your study process. We provide you with the definitions of the verbs: "учить" [uchit'], "учиться" [uchit'sya], "изучать" [izuchat'] and "уметь" [umet'], look at the semantic and grammar differences between them and learn the way to use them correctly.

1. "Учить" (to learn) - is the process of acquiring or transmitting knowledge. In this case, we use nouns in the accusative case with the verb "учить". The structure can be as follows: "Subject + information" and "Subject + object + verb".

Учить (or выучить) + что - To learn + what.
Учить (or научить) + кого + инфинитив - To learn (or study) + who + infinitive.

Мой сын учит математику - My son learns math.
Папа учит ребёнка плавать - Father teaches his child to swim.

2. "Учиться" (to learn/to study) - is also learning process but it is a reflexive verb, that means fulfillment of an action directed to one who does this action.

Субъект + возвратный глагол + у кого - Subject + reflexive verb + who.
Мы многому научились у преподавателя - We learned a lot from our teacher.

Субъект + возвратный глагол + чему - Subject + reflexive verb + what.
В детстве он быстро учился теннису - He studied how to play tennis very quickly in his childhood.

Субъект + возвратный глагол + инфинитив - Subject + reflexive verb + infinitive.
Она долго училась играть на фортепиано - She studied playing the piano for a long time.

3. The verb "изучать" (to study/to investigate) means the attentive, thorough and sometimes long study process of any object.

Субъект + действие + что - Subject + verb + what.
В университете мы два года изучали теорию вероятностей - We have studied probability calculus for two years at the university.

Субъект + действие + кого - Subject + verb + what.
Он внимательно изучал человека, сидящего напротив - He was attentively studied the man sitting in front of him.

4. "Уметь" (can/to be able to) - means to be able to do something that you have learned. This is the result expressed in infinitive.

Субъект + действие + инфинитив - Subject + verb + infinitive.
Я умею играть в шахматы, но не умею водить мотоцикл - I can play chess but I cannot drive a motorcycle.
Он умеет выращивать красивые цветы - He can grow beautiful flowers.


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