Hello, dear student! Today we will talk about how, when and by means of what transport we can leave and come to Russia. I guess, it's rather important topic as I've met foreigners, who have trouble with using transport in our country; some of them are even afraid of doing it due to some stereotypes about Russia made by foreigners. Recently, I've been signed to the BBC - a British television and radio broadcasting company - so foreigners have told me, they don't know how to use transport at all and, for example, how to come to Saransk.
There are a lot of means of public transport in all Russian cities, but not all of them have the subway, it is only in Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Samara, Yekaterinburg and Kazan. These are big Russian cities, but the subway is different everywhere.
Метро [mitro] Underground/subway/tube - is the underground public transport which is very convenient because it helps to arrive at the place of destination quickly and costs not so much. To buy a ticket to subway, you should use the electronic board, where you can buy necessary ticket, or go to a cabin, where a worker sells tickets. To know the price and what trip to use, we use the following phrases:
- Здравствуйте! Мне нужен билет на одну поездку, сколько он стоит? [Zdrastvujte! Mne nuzhin bilet na adnu paezku, skol'ka on stoit?] - Hello! I need a one- way ticket, how much does it cost?
- Если я возьму проездной, это будет дешевле? [Esli ya vaz'mu praiznoj, ekhta budit dishevle?] - If I take a travel card, will it be cheaper?
If you don't like subway or there is no subway in your city, you can always use a bus.
Автобус [Aftobus] A bus - is a kind of public transport, probably, the most common and the cheapest one. A bus always follows a timetable in big cities. There are even apps in a mobile phone, where you can see the time next bus arrives or find its traffic route. In some cities there are "троллейбусы" [tralebusy] trolley buses and "трамваи" [tramvai] trams, but they are much slower and if you are in a hurry, it's better to use, for example, "такси" [taksi] a taxi, although it costs very expensive. Let's look at some phrases, which you'll need on this topic:
- Скажите, пожалуйста, где здесь ближайшая автобусная остановка? [Skazhiti, pazhalusta, gde sdes' blizhajshaya aftobusnaya astanofka?] - Could you, please, tell me where is the nearest bus stop here?
- Вы случайно не знаете, какой автобус идет до Воронежа? [Vy sluchajna ni znaite, kakoj aftobus idyot da Varonizha?] - Don't you know what number of bus goes to Voronezh?
- Где мне найти ближайшее такси? [Gde mne najti blizhajshie taksi?] - Where can I find the nearest taxi (station)?
And, finally, to get round to "пригород" [prigarad] suburb of the city, you can use "электричка" [ekhliktrichka] - an electric train.
Electric trains are usually divided into: ordinary and express. Express is more expensive but is very quick and some trains even have more comfortable seats than in ordinary train.